Louis Herrera

Louis Herrera


Caswell, Carniello, Tessaro, Sidorov, Dotta, Vares, Moga, Pitkanen, Millar, Bajpai, Tressoldi, Kokubo, Lake, Burns, Lehman, Baer, Rouleau, Schumacher, Juden-Kelly, Jarosek, & Ooi. (2014). Conditioning of space-time: The relationship between experimental entanglement, space-memory and consciousness. Journal of nonlocality round table series, Colloquium #4. Journal of Nonlocality 3(2), 1-54.


 ABSTRACT: In response to the Vieques 2014 FQXi Conference on the Physics of Information (http://fqxi.org/conference/2014), this colloquium brings together over a dozen neuroscientists, physicists and medical researchers to provide a body of empirical data both supporting and extending the quantum information hypotheses recently advanced by Koch, Tononi and Tegmark.

Specifically, the evidence presented by the participants describes numerous controlled studies documenting nonlocal correlations between physical parameters of isolated living and non-living targets, as a result of operators’ mental intention, often in conjunction with changes in the target’s biophoton signatures. However, some of the results also suggest that elemental consciousness might not be a property of matter alone, as these quantum versions of panpsychism claim – but possibly a property of spacetime itself.

Although relevant clues are scarce at this point, the discussion aims to provide a stepping stone toward the better integration of quantum information theory and applicable experimental models, paving the way to a neuroscience freed from the current neuro-dogmas.



Gaona, Rouleau, Caswell, Tessaro, Burke, & Schumacher (2014). Archaeoacoustic investigation of a prehistoric cave site: Frequency-dependent sound amplification and potential relevance for neurotheology. NeuroQuantology 12(4), 455-463.


ABSTRACT An archaeoacoustic study was recently conducted within the prehistoric cave system of El Castillo in northern Spain. With findings dating back at least 40800 years, archaeological studies of this cave have revealed the presence of prehistoric ritual activity associated with early shamanism. Simulated audio tones of varying frequencies were created and emitted from the location at which it is thought the shamans would conduct rituals within El Castillo, while the sound was simultaneously recorded from the likely location of potential observers or participants. Subsequent analysis identified a frequency-dependent amplification of recorded sound intensity for frequencies approaching the range of 100 Hz, with the greatest effect observed for 108 and 110 Hz. These results are markedly consistent with previous research of important or sacred sites which have shown significant sonic resonance features within this precise range of frequencies. Additional consideration is applied to the potential effects of 110 Hz physical stimuli on biological systems in the context of neurotheology and the associated biophysical analyses in order to demonstrate the potential importance of 110 Hz signals on religious experience and subjective states of consciousness.



The Paranormal Research Group (PRG) originally started in Wisconsin in 1999 and has conducted scientific investigations of ghost and haunt phenomena throughout the United States. Since 2006 the PRG has been running Random Event Generators (REGs) during investigations of various reportedly haunted locations and poltergeist agents. The current report summarizes eight years of FieldREG data and research in reportedly haunted locations and with poltergeist agents. Further detailed analysis of this data is forthcoming.



PRG Staff member - Dave Schumacher

Memorial Day is a time to remember those brave men and women in the military who gave their lives in the line of duty to protect America and promote freedom throughout the world.

Having the day off to honor our military heroes and having taken a recent trip to Gettysburg makes me pause and consider the emotional and traumatic times of war that affect those both on and off the battlefield in natural and sometimes paranormal ways. It also makes me remember that certain types of ghost sightings and paranormal phenomena have been occurring for a very long time and are frequently reported during times of war.

There is no shortage of paranormal reports from the American Civil War. Two types of experiences, collective and crisis apparitions, provide fascinating phenomena for paranormal researchers to study and data that is hard to reconcile with natural explanations.

A Battlefield Collective Apparitional Experience

On July 2nd, 1863 Union and Confederate forces were engaged in the fierce and bloody Battle of Gettysburg at Little Round Top. Both sides were taking heavy casualties when all of a sudden a single Union soldier on horse rode through the battlefield. Soldiers took aim, fired and their shots looked to hit the brave soldier over and over again. However, the soldier never went down and continued to ride on, which left both Union and Confederate soldiers in a state if disbelief. The untouchable soldier eventually disappeared.

Later in the day the Union forces decided to make a final charge. They grabbed whatever ammunition they could, attached their bayonets to their rifles and charged with full force down the hill at Little Round Top.

No sooner had the charge began when the bulletproof phantom soldier from earlier returned to the battlefield. Once again a barrage of bullets could not bring down the seemingly invincible soldier. The fight raged on and eventually the mysterious soldier disappeared.

Union soldiers reported their experiences to Colonel Joshua L. Chamberlain and eventually the stories made their way to the War Department. Secretary of War Edwin Stanton took notice of the paranormal reports emerging from the battlefield and decided to send Colonel Pittenger to investigate. Colonel Pittenger interviewed many people including General Oliver O. Howard of Maine. Colonel Pittenger never produced an official report but did document the many people collectively witnessed the ghostly apparition.

The Census of Hallucinations conducted by the Society for Psychical Research showed that approximately 8% of experiences are shared or ‘collective.’ More than one person perceives these experiences at the same time and these experiences can be visual, auditory, olfactory and/or a sensed presence. Different people can experience something at the same time but can experience it using different senses. The important point is that they are collectively perceived and that is especially interesting because it makes reconciling these experiences with natural processes more difficult. One would think people would have different experiences when interpreting natural phenomena since we all have different backgrounds, beliefs and experiences to frame our interpretation. 

So, the question is then, why do different people who have no prior knowledge of a location with different backgrounds and different beliefs all have the same experiences? This is why collective paranormal experiences are so interesting, need further investigation and may provide insight into the true nature of paranormal experiences. Apparently the War Department thought it was interesting enough to investigate in 1863!

A Civil War Crisis Apparition

George Roberts was a Union Soldier in Port Hudson, Louisiana. Port Hudson was attacked on June 14th, 1863 and George was killed in the battle around 10am.

Approximately 1,500 miles away, George’s parents were in the State of New York. Around 9:45am George’s mother was getting ready for church when she suddenly and clearly heard her son’s voice calling out, “Mother! Mother!” Around the same time George’s dad was at church ringing the church bell and he had a strong feeling that someone was standing behind him. He turned around but no one was there.

Mr. and Mrs. Roberts did not find out until later that their son had been killed around the same time they both had their experiences.

This is not only another collective experience, but also an excellent example of a crisis apparition. These experiences happen when one person is in a crisis or life-threatening situation and are perceived by another person who is emotionally connected to them, such as a family member or friend. Most people are familiar with the visual crisis apparition. However, the experience can also be auditory (as Mrs. Roberts experienced), a sensed presence (as Mr. Roberts experienced) or part of a dream. When an apparition is seen, the people experiencing it do not realize it is an apparition until it is gone. The final characteristic of these types of experiences is that the person who has the experience does not know that the person they are seeing or sensing in other ways is in danger, dying or just deceased.

These two types of paranormal phenomena, collective experiences and crisis apparitions, provide for interesting study by paranormal investigators and should be evaluated carefully since they contain certain characteristics such as: collectively perceived, emotional connections, spontaneous, happen to people who don’t expect them and the people who experience a crisis apparition have no idea that the person they are seeing are in a crisis situation or have just died. These make them more difficult to just explain away with normal causation. It is also different than the phenomena that most paranormal investigators and ghost hunters investigate.


Chamberlain, J.L. (1915). The Passing of Armies: An Account of the Final Campaign of the Army of the Potomac. Reprinted by Stan Clark (1994). Military Books, Gettysburg, PA.

Coleman, C.K. (1999). Ghosts and Haunts of the Civil War: Authentic Accounts of the Strange and Unexplained. Thomas Nelson Publishing Company. Nashville, TN.

Gurney, E., Myers, F.W. and Podmore, F. (1886). Phantasms of the Living. Volume 2. London: Rooms of the Society for Psychical Research: Trubner & Company.

Hardison, S.A. (2013). Paranthropology: Journal of Anthropological Approaches to the Paranormal. Vol. 4(1), 62-67.

Tyrell, G.N.M. (1953). Apparitions. Pantheon Books Inc. New York, NY.

From Investigationg the Haunted: Ghost Hunting Taken to the Next Level. (2007). Lauer & Schumacher. Xlibris.

"If you say you are science based, then use science. Science is NOT just using fancy electronic equipment and walking around taking thousands of photos. The hardcore skeptics have a field day with this. Being scientific involves much more and can be rather boring and dull at times. When trying to gain new knowledge of something, the scientific method or scientific process is basic to the investigation. You use observations and reasoning to develop possible explanations for the observed phenomena. This is called a hypothesis. Once the hypothesis is formed, you test predictions that come from the hypothesis by doing a variety of experiments. The experiments should be repeatable. Now, once the hypothesis has been confirmed repeatedly by experimentation and research, then it becomes a theory and new predictions are based upon it.

All aspects of the scientific method are subject to review by other researchers. Here is a general guideline to follow:

  1. Define the question
  2. Get information
  3. Develop a hypothesis
  4. Research/experiment/observe
  5. Analyze the data
  6. Interpret the data and draw some conclusions (which may lead to a new hypothesis)
  7. Tell people about your results and let them analyze the data and try to replicate your results

Research and observation can involve looking into the history of a location or reviewing published literature for information (both natural and paranormal) and cases like those you are working on... Hopefully, one day, this will lead to the development of a paranormal theory that can be validated over and over again both by ghost researchers and mainstream science. Knowing your stuff and applying the appropriate scientific terminology and really using the scientific method will go a long way in making you appear legitimate."

Welcome to the new Paranormal Research (PRG) group blog! This is our newest tool to provide those in the paranormal investigation and research community with the latest and greatest information about the PRG and the field. Each week we will cover what’s new with the PRG, current events, research updates, parapsychology, paranormal investigation equipment, trips, conferences, new publications and much much more. We ask everyone to join our blog and participate in the discussion by posting your thoughts and comments.

Below is some information about the current state of the PRG.

The Southern Wisconsin Paranormal Research Group has expanded!!! It now incorporates the great states of Wisconsin and Pennsylvania. Due to this expansion, the organization has changed its business name to reflect this. "Paranormal Research Group" is now the new umbrella organization that encompasses both paranormal research organizations in Wisconsin and Pennsylvania. It's the same organization, run by the same people, but with a larger, expanded membership! The Paranormal Research Group is a team of Paranormal Investigators and Researchers who investigate paranormal activity as it relates to Ghosts & Hauntings. Jennifer Lauer founded this organization in 1999, which is today considered to be one of the most respected, knowledgeable, and credible paranormal research organizations in the country.

Our Paranormal Investigation Team members are trained to use scientific methods and information to conduct serious paranormal investigations, which consists of conducting research, developing and testing theories, producing data & analysis-oriented results, providing resolution information, and encouraging public understanding & awareness.

The team has investigated public and private locations all over the United States, from huge abandoned prisons and hospitals to private residences.

The PRG also has a research branch. The Anomalous Research Department (ARD) is comprised of a small group of SWPRG members that do the following: conduct research, review and develop new equipment for use by the group, keep current on recent articles within the paranormal field, seek out and apply for grants, publish papers, address specific scientific issues raised by the PRG and collaborate with other paranormal research groups and organizations on certain research topics.

As well as investigating the paranormal, the PRG gives lectures on the paranormal for including Historical Societies, Public Libraries, Universities and Public Schools.

In closing I would like to thank you for reading our blog and we look forward to your comments!

DrRoll-2William G. Roll (July 3, 1926 – January 9, 2012) was a noted psychologist and parapsychologist on the faculty of the Psychology Department of the University of West Georgia in Carrollton, Georgia, in the United States. He held various positions there, including Professor of Psychology and Psychical Research, assistant professor, and instructor. Sometimes credited as William Roll, or informally, Bill Roll, he was a parapsychologist since the 1950s and authored or coauthored many investigation research papers, articles, and four books: The Poltergeist (1972), Theory and Experiment in Psychical Research (1975), Psychic Connections (1995, with co-author Lois Duncan), and Unleashed: Of Poltergeists and Murder: The Curious Story of Tina Resch (2004, with co-author Valerie Storey). He is also notable for making several appearances in the television show Unsolved Mysteries, among them an episode discussing disturbances on the RMS Queen Mary.